Four basic elements to the change control process are:
After the project has been defined, scope change control is a critical part of the overall project control system. Describe the basic elements of the change control process.
The four basic elements to the change control process are: (1) identifying changes to scope, (2) assessing the need for the scope change, (3) accepting or rejecting the scope change request, and the (4) adjusting the project plan.
1. Identifying changes to scope – is to identify where changes have occurred.
2. Assessing the need for the scope change – ensure the changes are necessary or beneficial.
3. Accepting or rejecting the scope change request – contain or delimit the changes wherever possible.
4. Adjusting the project plan – implementation of changes.
Define what Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) are. Explain how KPIs are important to project control. Give an example of a KPI that may be used on a hyptohtical project.
Key performance indicators (KPIs) are used to meare project progress toward achieving objectives, rather than the detail of progress of the work packages. They may be used to: measure project performance that is directly related to the change the project is delivering and measure project specific performance – that is, the performance of the project processes.
An example of a KPI in a project is to track the percentage of milestones missed. Tracking the milestones that are missed can help restart a project and mitigate these misses in the future.
In our readings from Badiru & Kovach (course textbook), the authors present a common framework for project systems implementation. Within that framework, they identify three sub-components to "control". What are these 3 sub-components to control, when are they typically conducted, and what are some of the common processes found in each sub-component?
1. Establish guidelines for tracking, reporting, and control. Conducted during the beginning of the project, just before it starts. Some common processes found are: defining data categories and developing data documentation.
2. Categorize control points. Conducted during the project. Some common processes found are: scheduling an audit, performance audit, and cost audit.
3. Identify implementation process. Conducted towards the end of the project. Some common processes found are: comparison with targeted schedules and corrective course of action.